Tuesday, December 20, 2011


   The Norgaard method is sometimes referred to a the ball cathcer’s position, assist in detecting early rheumatoid arthritis. Norgaard reported that it is often possible to make an early diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis by using this position before laboratory tests are positive. He also stated that extremely fine grain intensifying screens should be used to demonstrate high resolution image. Low kilovoltage peak at around 60 to 65 is recommended to obtain necessary contrast.

   In a more recent article Stapczynski recommended this projection for the demonstration of fractures of the base of the fifth metacarpal.

Pathology Demonstrated:

  • This position is performed commonly to evaluate for early evidence of rheumatoid arthritis at the second through fifth proximal phalanges and MCP joints. It also may demonstrate fractures of the base of the fifth metacarpal.
  • Both hands generally are taken with one exposure for bony structure comparison of both hands.

Technical Factors:

  • IR size - 24 x 30cm (10 x 12 inches), crosswise
  • Detail screen or digital IR tabletop
  • 55 to 65 kV range

ball chatchers posiiton
Ball Chatchers Position


  • Place lead shield over patient's lap to shield gonads.

Patient Position:

  • Seat patient at end of table with both hands extended.

Part Position:

  • Supinate hands and place medial aspect of both hands together at center of IR.
  • From this position, internally rotate hands 45degrees and support posterior of hands on 45degrees radiolucent block (figure 5-83).
  • Extent fingers and ensure that they are relaxed, slightly separated but parallel to IR.
  • Abduct both thumbs to avoid superimposition.

Central Ray:

  • CR perpendicular, directed to midpoint between both hands at level of fifth MCP joints
  • Minimum SID of 40 inches (100cm)


  • Collimate on four sides to outer margins of hands and wrist.


  • A modification of the Norgaard method is the ball catcher's position with the finger partially flexed; this distorts the interphalangeal joints but visualizes the MCP joints equally well.

ball chatcher
Ball Chatchers X - Ray
Radiographic Criteria:

Structure Shown:

  • Both hands from the carpal area to the tips of digits in 45degrees oblique position are visible.

45degrees oblique as evidence by the following:

  • Midshafts of second through fifth metacarpals and base of phalanges should not overlap
  • MCP joint should be open
  • No superimposition of the thumb and second digit should occur

Collimation and CR:

  • Collimation should be visible on four sides to outer margins of hands and wrist.
  • CR and center of collimation field to midway between both hands at level of MCP joints.

Exposure Criteria:

  • Optimal density and contrast with no motion are demonstrated by clear, sharp bony trabecular markings and joint space margins of MCP joints.

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